Published on: 16 April 2018 | Last updated: 21 August 2018
Casunziei — like mezzelune ravioli but filled with rape rosse — red turnips. These are a cousin of the beetroot. You'll mainly find them around Cortina d'Ampezzo (they are also known as casunziei ampezzani). For an article and recipe (in English) see ChefBikeSki.com.
Panicia or minestra d'orzo (barley soup). This can be more like a risotto than a soup. Hopefully the restaurant will serve it with tutres — a big circular pasta filled with spinach and ricotta, or cabbage, and then fried.
Furtaies — like a pancake, only a funnel is used to spread the batter so that it forms a spiral shape. Served with blueberry jam.
Cajincí arstîs half-moons of a pasta made with potato and yeast and filled with spinach and then fried in oil.
Gnoch da zigher gnocchi made with stale bread and zigher, a strong local cream cheese.
There are other dishes that you'll come across in other parts of north-east Italy, especially in the Südtirol.
Speck a speciality of the Tyrol, the meat combines the northern European tradition of preserving meat by smoking, and the southern European tradition of salt-curing. According to wikipedia. The rule is "a little salt, a little smoke and a lot of fresh air". The ham also gets its distinctive flavour from curing with salt, pepper, juniper, rosemary and bay.
Knödel mit speck or speckknödel (Canederli con lo speck) — a classic dish of bread dumplings served in broth. If your appetite is big enough you can order a tris di canederli — three different types of dumpling.
Schlutzkrapfen like ravioli, only the pasta is made with wheat and rye flour, and is a little thicker. Usually the filling is spinach and ricotta.
Spätzle are like small gnocchi, often made with spinach and ricotta. I've no idea why, but in the Trentino you may also see these called strangolapreti — 'priest stranglers'.
Spiegeleier mit speck translates as either ham and eggs, or bacon and eggs. Trust me, there are times when this will really hit the spot.
Gulasch is usually served with polenta and funghi porcini. If you're in luck, the cook will have gathered the mushrooms that afternoon.
Vinschger Paarl is a rye bread that comes from the Vinschgau. It gets its distinctive flavour from a misture of ground/crushed coriander, fennel and cumin seeds. It's said that the recipe comes from the Marienburg monastery, high in the Vinschgau near the border with Austria and Switzerland, and it was passed on to a group of local bakers by the monastery's last monk-baker. If you fancy baking some, there's another article with a recipe on ChefBikeSki.com.
Schüttelbrot a cousin of the Vinschger Paarl, only it's a flat crispbread.
Bauerntoast is a Vinschger Paarl split lengthwise and then filled with speck and cheese and then popped in the oven. The name translates as a farmer's toast. Yes, I know this is basically a humble ham and cheese toastie, but with a definite twist.
The only brewery I know of in the Dolomites themselves is the Eguia brewery in Santa Cristina Gherdëina (Santa Cristina Valgardena/St. Christina in Gröden), but, Forst and Pedevena, two of Italy's last remaining independent breweries are based close by (in Algund in the Südtirol and Pedevena near Feltre in the Veneto).
The Dolomites themselves are too high for vineyards, but they are close to some major wine-growing areas in the Südtirol, Trentino and Veneto.
You'll come across both grappa and schnapps in the region. Grappa is distilled from the leftovers when the grapes are pressed to make wine, and schnapps is distilled from the leftovers when fruit is pressed to make fruit juice (the word schnapps is used differently in America where it is used for a licqueur drink). Ignore the travel-guide clichés about 'local firewater' a good grappa or schnapps will stand comparison with a cognac or calvados. I would though be cautious about grappas that have been infused with herbs. These can be 'interesting' in the sense of 'tasting like cough mixture'. But that may just be my prejudice.